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TinyBase and TypeScript

This guide summarizes the three different levels of TypeScript coverage you can use with TinyBase.

1. Basic Type Support

Out of the box, TinyBase has complete type coverage for all of its modules. So for example, setting and getting tabular and key-value data will obey the system's constraints. A Cell or a Value can only be a number, string, or boolean, for example:

import {createStore} from 'tinybase';

const store = createStore();

store.setValues({employees: 3}); //                OK
store.setValues({employees: true}); //             OK
store.setValues({employees: ['Alice', 'Bob']}); // TypeScript error

This basic typing of the API is comprehensively described throughout in the API documentation.

2. Schema-based Typing

The next step up is when you provide a schema for your TinyBase data. This more tightly constrains the types of Table, Cell, and Value that your Store can contain.

Since v3.1, TinyBase can provide typing that adapts according to the schema when you import the with-schemas version of the library. For example:

import {createStore} from 'tinybase/with-schemas'; // NB the 'with-schemas'

const store = createStore().setValuesSchema({
  employees: {type: 'number'},
  open: {type: 'boolean', default: false},

store.setValues({employees: 3}); //                      OK
store.setValues({employees: true}); //                   TypeScript error
store.setValues({employees: 3, website: 'pets.com'}); // TypeScript error

(The separate import is provided because the schema-based autocomplete and errors can be fairly verbose and confusing when you only need the basic type support.)

Read more about this technique in the Schema-Based Typing guide.

3. ORM-like type definitions

If you prefer a more descriptive way to manage your API, you can build definitions from a schema ahead of time, in an ORM-like fashion. In this example, a schema is inferred from the data, and TypeScript (.d.ts) definitions and (.ts) implementations are emitted that you can check in to your application's code base:

const store = createStore().setTable('pets', {
  fido: {species: 'dog'},
  felix: {species: 'cat'},
  cujo: {species: 'dog'},

const tools = createTools(store);
const [dTs, ts, uiReactDTs, uiReactTsx] = tools.getStoreApi('shop');

This will produce a file containing the types for your wrapped Store, for example, which are all typed according to the schema:

 * Represents the 'pets' Table.
export type PetsTable = {[rowId: Id]: PetsRow};

 * Represents a Row when getting the content of the 'pets' Table.
export type PetsRow = {species: string};

Read more about this approach in the Generating APIs guide.


TinyBase provides different levels of typed support for your data, depending on how prescriptive you want it to be and your personal preferences.

Next we will show how you can quickly build user interfaces on top of a Store, and for that, it's time to proceed to the Building UIs guide.